Information on Quarantine and restriction- Australia has been provided below.
- As of January 2021, All people traveling into Australia were required to provide proof of negative COVID-19 PCR results at the time of check-in. All travelers must wear a mask on flight and also while in the airport environment.
- Green zone flights from New Zealand were banned following the discovery of new COVID-19 cases. The ban was extended on January 2021 for 3 days but it has since been lifted.
- New South Wales, Victoria, and Queensland states have imposed mandatory hotel quarantine on all international arrivals.
- All passengers must provide negative PCR test results prior to the scheduled flight departure.
The details on restrictions on international arrivals, any changes since, and details on managing international arrivals (in the quarantine phase) relating to COVID for the United States have been provided below.
- As of March 2020, the United States had prohibited international arrivals for non-citizens from China and Europe. The ban started for China in January 2020, and the one for Europe followed six weeks later.
- President Trump rescinded entry bans imposed on most non-U.S. citizens arriving from Brazil, U.K., and Europe, and the order was supposed to take effect on January 26, 2021.
- Biden administration’s order reinstated travel restrictions on the U.K., Brazil, and Ireland before the Trump administration’s rescinding order could take effect.
- The change was necessitated by the need to curb the spread of the more contagious Covid strains that have emerged in South Africa, the U.K., and Brazil.
- In the new changes to international travel restrictions, South Africa was added to the list of countries whose non-U.S. citizens are banned from entering the U.S. The ban was in response to curb the spread of the new strain of Covid-19 observed in South Africa. The ban took effect starting January 30, 2021.
- The U.S. has a new rule for all international arrivals into the country. From January 26, 2021, all air passengers traveling to the U.S. must show proof of negative COVID-19 test no more than three days before their departure. Alternatively, they should show documentation of having recovered from COVID-19 to the airline before boarding the flight.
- The new international travel restrictions require that all passengers comply with applicable CDC guidelines on self-quarantine and self-isolation duration after entry into the US CDC recommends ten days of self-quarantine for international travelers.
- The workers exempted from the COVID-19 test, and self-quarantine requirements include crew members of airlines, CDC-authorized aircraft operators, federal law enforcement individuals on official orders, and U.S. Department of Defense personnel.
Quarantine guidelines and restrictions in the UK have been put in place to manage international arrivals.
- All arrivals must self quarantine for 10 days, with some workers such as pilots and seasonal agricultural workers being exempted.
- By February 15th, 2020, arrivals from COVID-19 hotspot countries are to enter mandatory quarantine at designated quarantine hotels, at their own expense.
- Quarantine facilities for arrivals from hotspot countries to be located near airports. Other arrivals from non-hotspot countries to quarantine at home.
- The quarantine hotels are to be closed to general members of the public.
- PCR testing is required for all arrivals into the UK.
- Testing is mandatory before release from quarantine.
- The Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions)(England) Regulations 2020 came into force in March 2020. It made it illegal for “a person to leave their house without a reasonable excuse (unless homeless) (Reg 6).”
France has placed rigid travel restrictions for non-EU passengers and pulled back some COVID-19 restrictions on people traveling within EU countries.
- The French government announced the first set of COVID-19 related travel restrictions in March 2020. Since then, the country’s government has made appropriate changes to ensure the safety of all travelers.
- Travelers from EU countries and a few authorized countries can enter French territory by providing negative RT-PCR test results not less than 72 hours old. In case the passenger failed to take a PCR test, he/she can take the test at the airport after arrival. Where a PCR test cannot be conducted in the region of departure, a 7-day quarantine period will be required in “an establishment designated by the French authorities”.
- Non-EU passengers are required to provide a ‘sworn declaration’ that states the person does not show symptoms of COVID-19, has taken the PCR test, and agrees to a 7-day self-quarantine period after arrival.
- Due to the discovery of a new Covid-19 variant in the UK, France has placed further restrictive travel measures — limiting the number of passengers from the UK to France. To successfully enter France, a passenger would have to provide a declaration of honor, a negative PCR test result, and a travel certificate.
- The French government strongly insists for non-EU arrivals to self-isolate for seven days. The quarantine measures taken are based on an honor system with no follow-up checks carried out.
- Announcements and notifications published by the French government do not state any restrictions for airline crew members upon arrival.
- There are no quarantine hotel facilities designated in France since most of the requirements indicate for passengers to go into self-isolation for seven days after arrival.
The requested details on restrictions on international arrivals, any changes since, and details on managing international arrivals (in the quarantine phase) relating to COVID for the nation of Denmark are presented below.
- As of February 7, 2021, all entrants to Denmark that are traveling from abroad are subjected to mandatory testing upon entry as well as a 10-day self-quarantine. These new rules are a result of the newly-discovered coronavirus variants, and they are in effect until February 28, 2021.
- Regarding quarantine locations, entrants and residents of Denmark must isolate themselves either in their homes or at municipal isolation facilities identified by the government.
- Those in self-quarantine are allowed to leave isolation upon the presentation of a negative PCR test by the fourth day after entering Denmark.
- For entrants that have tested positive for COVID-19, they are required to travel to their isolation facility, which could be a home or municipal isolation facility, and remain at that location for the 10-day quarantine requirement.
Canada generally requires individuals arriving in the country to self-quarantine for 14 days if they presented a negative test result and have no symptoms on entry into Canada or self isolate for 14 days if symptoms or a positive test result was presented.
- Canada currently requires individuals entering Canada to undergo a 14 days mandatory self-quarantine if they are asymptomatic and have presented a negative test result before entry into Canada.
- For individuals that are showing symptoms or who have a positive test result for COVID-19, mandatory self-isolation is required.
- Individuals must demonstrate that they have a suitable place where they can self isolate or self quarantine. If officials determine that the place is not suitable, they will be taken to a federal facility which is normally a hotel, and are generally required to bear the cost.
- On the 29th of January 2021, the Canadian government introduced additional guidelines requiring all individuals entering Canada to take a mandatory COVID-19 molecular test and embark on a mandatory 3 days hotel quarantine while waiting for the test. However, the new rules are yet to take effect and the government simply says it will begin in the near future.
- When the new guidelines take effect, travelers have been informed to budget $2,000 for the 3 days hotel quarantine stay. The cost will cover testing, transport to the hotel, hotel, feeding, cleaning, among others.
Details on the quarantine and restrictions in New Zealand can be found below.
- New Zealand requires all international arrivals to quarantine for 14 days at specified managed isolation and quarantine facilities.
- Guests within these facilities are allowed to interact but following COVID-19 safety protocols.
- Overseas airline crew must quarantine in the managed isolation facilities and all aircrew must be tested every 7 days.
Findings related to the COVID-19 quarantine standards of international passengers to Israel has been presented below.
- According to the Ministry of Health of Israel, it now classifies all international locations as red. All passengers from all locations must undergo a 14-day quarantine period (which can be shortened to 10 days with two negative PCR results). Therefore, passengers arrive and depart from hotel quarantine facilities at the same time.
- As of December 2020, all international passengers are required to quarantine in a state-designated motel. Permission for home isolation can be obtained if the passenger meets certain criteria.
- While it appears that there are exceptions for certain industries such as healthcare workers who are not required to isolate provided that they have permission from a medical authority. However, it is not clear whether this also applies to international passengers.
- The exact locations of the quarantine facilities are not available on the government website. However, the Jeruselem Post had reported that while there were quarantine hotels in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem, there were none in the Arab sector as of December 2020.
- According to the National Emergency Portal, outside visitors are not allowed into the quarantine hotels. Guests are allowed to leave the premises for certain essential matters such as to attend a funeral, examination, etc.
- The government website also notes that guests who are tested positive must remain in isolation until a doctor or a nurse issues a certificate of recovery in accordance with the Ministry of Health guidance.
- The cost of isolation for guests who do not have travel insurance that covers COVID-19 will be at their own expense.
- It is mandatory for passengers to submit a negative PCR test report that has been taken 72 hours prior to arrival in Israel.
Information on the quarantine and restrictions to international arrivals in Singapore has been presented below.
- The international arrival restriction in Singapore exempted visitors “coming in under the Green/Fast Lane arrangements, the Air Travel Pass or with special prior approval”.
- However, the government of Singapore lifted the travel restriction for visitors from mainland China and Australia’s Victoria state in November.
- Furthermore, in January, Singapore announced plans to lift travel restrictions on a “limited number of business, official, and high economic value travelers” from all countries coming to stay for up to 14 days.
United Arab Emirates
Information on Quarantine and restriction- UAE has been provided below.
- In March 2020, the UAE government announced that no foreign visitors would be allowed entry into the country and citizens not allowed to travel abroad. Citizens coming from abroad would be required to self-isolate for 14 days.
- The authorities announced in May 2020 that expatriates (visa holders) would be allowed back to the country.
- In July 2020, the country eased travel restrictions, allowing the entry of international tourists provided they have travel insurance and COVID-19 medical cover.
- As of January 31, 2020, “all passengers arriving into Dubai from any point of origin (GCC countries included) must hold a negative COVID‑19 PCR test certificate for a test taken no more than 72 hours before departure.”