Brazil will receive the first batch, 15 million doses, of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine between January and February next year. Below is an analysis of the expected timeline of assigned countries [Russia, Brazil, India, and Latin America] to receive AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine.
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- According to multiple sources, AstraZeneca (Russia’s branch) is about to start a clinical trial in Russia before the end of this year.
- This trial will involve the combination of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine, AZD1222, with Russia’s COVID-19 vaccine, Sputnik V. This trial aims to determine whether these two vaccines can work “better together” than individually.
- According to Russian Sputnik developers, their vaccine had an efficacy rate of over 90% during early trials, higher than that of AstraZeneca’s vaccine, which had an average efficacy rate of 70.4% in the interim late-stage data. This encouraged the developers to combine the two vaccines hoping to produce a new, more effective vaccine.
- Only adults above 18 years will be enrolled in this trial.
- N/B: Russia won’t receive any doses of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine because it has its vaccine, Sputnik V, which is way cheaper and effective compared to foreign vaccines.
- According to Brazil’s health minister, Eduardo Pazuello, the first batch, 15 million doses, of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine will arrive in Brazil between January and February next year, with 100 million doses to arrive within the first 6 months of 2021.
- The Brazilian government has already released funds to the Fiocruz Biomedical Institute in Rio de Janeiro, which will receive supplies from AstraZeneca and later produce the vaccine locally in the second half of the year, 2021.
- The institute is projected to produce/manufacture 160 million doses in the second half of 2021; hence, Brazil will have a total of 260 million doses of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine next year. These doses will be enough to vaccinate the country twice.
- In November 2020, the Serum Institute of India, which has an agreement with AstraZeneca to produce its vaccine locally, manufactured 40 million doses of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine. However, this vaccine is currently waiting for regulatory approval.
- Despite the vaccine being not officially approved, Serum has enrolled 1,600 participants in India for late-stage trials.
- According to India’s health minister, they plan to vaccinate 250 million people in India by next July.
- N/B: Since AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine is produced locally in India, there is no timeline when the country receives the doses.
- According to AstraZeneca’s executive, the company will start the manufacturing of 400 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine for Latin America early next year.
- AstraZeneca’s partnership with the Mexican and Argentinean governments will allow it to produce 150 million doses first, and later manufacture about 400 million doses for distribution throughout Latin America.
- Argentina’s INSUD Group and Mexico’s Laboratorios Liomont could begin local production of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine in the first quarter of 2021.
- As per an article by Bloomberg, the UK government has purchased 100 million doses of Oxford-Astrazeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine in advance, and according to Prime Minister Boris Johnson, “the majority of people, most in need of vaccination in the UK might be able to get one by Easter (April 2021).” Nearly 4 million additional doses of the vaccine are expected to be available in the UK by year-end, and another 40 million by the end of March 2021.
- Also, as per the above-mentioned Bloomberg article from November, the UK hopes to be able to begin its mass vaccination program next month (December) by speeding up the regulatory approval process.
- The vaccine is currently waiting for approval by regulators who will assess the vaccine’s safety, effectiveness, and that it is manufactured to high standards for a temporary supply. The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) is responsible for assessing the vaccine for authorization under Regulation 174 of the Human Medicines Regulations. According to the latest statement by the Chairman of the UK’s National Health Service on December 12, the vaccine will hopefully be approved by the regulators within a matter of days.
- AstraZeneca has entered into an agreement with the European Commission (EC) to supply up to 400 million doses of its AZD1222 COVID-19 vaccine. The first doses are expected to be delivered by the end of 2020.
- Italy is likely to receive 4 million shots of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine as early as January 2021, and it will receive a further 12 million vaccine doses within the following three months by April 2021. A total of 70 million doses will be received by June 2021.
- According to Spain’s Health Minister Salvador Illa, the country is likely to receive 31.6 million doses of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine between December 2020 and June 2021.
- Germany expects the coronavirus vaccine to be available in the first quarter of 2021 at the earliest. The country has not specified any specific timeline for AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine and is currently studying all seven potential vaccines, which are expected to complete testing this year or next.
- As per an article by Reuters, AstraZeneca’s vaccine is likely to be approved in China by mid-2021, and the company has partnered with the Chinese private vaccine manufacturer Shenzhen Kangtai Biological Products Co Ltd to produce the vaccine.
- The company is expected to deliver 100 million doses of the COVID-19 vaccine candidate AZD1222 by the end of 2020. Additionally, 200 million doses are expected to be delivered by the end of 2021 in China.
- As per an article by Reuters, the Japanese government has entered into an agreement with AstraZeneca to receive 120 million doses of the vaccine in 2021, with 30 million doses to be received by March 2021.
- AstraZeneca has partnered with JCR Pharma, a Japanese pharmaceutical company, to help make a portion of the potential COVID-19 vaccine. The company will also import vaccine shots as part of its deal to supply Japan.
- As per an article by iPolitics, the Canadian government can pre-order doses of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine before the end of 2020 if the vaccine continues to show promising results in its clinical trials.
- The Canadian government has agreed to buy 20 million doses of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine once it is tested safe. However, Canadian officials have not yet disclosed any precise timelines for the delivery of the vaccine.
- The US government has signed a deal with AstraZeneca for 300 million doses of the COVID-19 vaccine to be made available by early next year. It was initially scheduled to be received in Fall 2020.
- As per the chief scientific officer of Operation Warp Speed, AstraZeneca Plc, along with J&J, is likely to provide 150 million to 200 million vaccine shots in the first quarter of 2021 in the US.