Mother’s Day in Mexico is one of the biggest national holidays. It holds a special place for Mexicans as the day celebrates the role of the mother as a central figure and a driving force in the Mexican family. The feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe is another national holiday that is also closely related to motherhood. The day is very important to all Mexicans, especially to women, as it represents the importance of social justice, the power of femininity, and the role of motherhood in the Mexican society. Our Lady of Guadalupe is a powerful symbol of the Mexican identity and faith.
Mexican Mother’s Day
- In Mexico and Latin America, mothers have been the building force of society, revered for their place as teachers and mediators.
- A lot of the deities in Mayan culture were represented as female to pay respect to the importance of women in their society.
- While women never occupied important political positions in the pre-Columbian era, the Mayan civilization, especially Palenque, had elected several female leaders, which further exemplifies the importance of women and mothers in the Latin American and Mexican society.
- The Aztec also considered mothers sacred as they were viewed as teachers and protectors of their children.
- Women that died at childbirth were considered the bravest of warriors worthy of admiration and veneration.
- The holiday itself was accepted on May 10, 1922, after the Archbishop of Mexico proclaimed the importance of celebrating the role of the mother as a central figure and a driving force in the Mexican family.
- The first celebration was organized by Rafael Alducin, the editor of the El Excelsior newspaper, to reaffirm the ties between motherhood and Mexico’s traditional values.
- The holiday gained widespread acceptance almost instantaneously throughout Mexico.
- To this day, Mother’s Day is one of the most celebrated holidays in Mexico.
Our Lady of Guadalupe
- The feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe is held on December 12 every year.
- The day is very important to Mexicans, especially to women, as it represents the importance of social justice; symbolizes the power of femininity; but, most of all, it showcases the role of motherhood in the Mexican society.
- The symbol of the Lady of Guadalupe has helped bring Mexicans together on many occasions, including during their fight for independence from the Spanish and in their civil war in the early 20th century.
- Our Lady of Guadalupe is still a powerful symbol of the Mexican identity and faith nowadays.
- The pilgrimage to the shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico City is one of the largest Catholic pilgrimage in the Americas, with more than 10 million people making their way to the temple on December 12.
- The patronage of Our Lady of Guadalupe was approved in 1754 by Pope Benedict XIV, granting the holiday a proper feast and mass for December 12, but it only became a national holiday in Mexico in 1859.
- In 1910, Pope Pius X proclaimed her the patroness of Latin America.
- Our Lady of Guadalupe is responsible for the religious unification of Mexico as well.
- It is said that the Virgin Mary appeared to Juan Diego, a recent Aztec convert to Christianity, in 1531 with the mission to construct a church that will unify the faith of the fragmented Aztec people living in Mexico.
- The church itself was erected in 1556 by the archbishop of New Spain.
- The popularity of Our Lady of Guadalupe grew more throughout the years, especially after she was credited with ending a deadly epidemic of hemorrhagic fever in Mexico City in 1736.
- She was later declared the patroness of Mexico City and, in 1746, the archbishop accepted her patronage for all the territories of New Spain.
- Pope John Paul II officially canonized Juan Diego during his visit in Mexico City.